Category Archives: 杭州桑拿

Nauru guard fired following Fairfax Media investigation, as police close rape claim case

The detention centre on Nauru. Photo: Angela WylieSting allegedly captures security guard confessing to fake assault storyNauru rape allegations ‘very alarming’: Turnbull

A Nauru detention centre guard has been fired after a Fairfax Media investigation revealed he allegedly framed an asylum seeker for assault, perjured himself in court then confessed in a secret recording made by a colleague.

The Wilson Security guard, who is believed to be n, boasted about the incident and joked about taking a “dive” – the sporting term for falling to the ground and faking an injury. The guard said he wanted the asylum seeker convicted so he would never be settled in .

As Fairfax Media reported, the incident was reported to Nauru police and the asylum seeker was charged with assault. The guard later repeated the allegedly false claims in a Nauru court.

It is believed the asylum seeker spent one month in jail for the alleged assault and tried to kill himself at least three times after being falsely accused – once almost successfully hanging himself.

A staff member covertly recorded a confession from the guard by engaging him in conversation and recording the encounter on an iPhone.

Wilson Security initially said there was not enough evidence to make a finding against the guard, despite the apparent confession.

Following Fairfax Media’s report, the company said a new investigation had been launched and the employee would be fired if the claims were found to be true. On Monday a Wilson Security spokeswoman said the guard’s employment had been terminated.

The incident raises questions over Wilson’s denials or attempts to play down other alleged incidents at the Nauru detention centre, such as the sexual misconduct of guards and the mistreatment of detainees.

A Department of Immigration spokesman said it was reviewing the matter and “staff misconduct will not be tolerated”.

It comes as Nauru officials come under fire for releasing the name of an alleged rape victim in a police briefing document which also contained graphic details of the attack and its aftermath.

Nauru police have closed the case of a Somali refugee who claimed she was raped and bashed by two men on the island, saying there was no evidence of injuries and they could not find the cave where the alleged attack took place.

A Nauru police brief, which has been made public, included the name of the 26-year-old woman, in what Greens senator Sarah Hanson-Young said was “outrageous” and put the woman at greater risk of harm.

The brief said the woman reported one attacker tore off her dress and underwear. She was allegedly held down and raped twice, before being thrown into another cave where she fell and sustained bruising to her right shin.

The case attracted widespread media attention in after the ABC’s 7.30 program broadcast a distressing video of the refugee’s call to police, and said the police took four hours to response to the woman’s call for help.

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull described the allegations as “alarming”, and the incident increased pressure on the government to improve conditions faced by asylum seekers and refugees in offshore detention camps.

The finding is likely to provoke renewed criticism of the police force by refugee advocates, who say the agency is under-trained and ill-equipped – claims the police deny.

A Senate inquiry into the Nauru centre in August found local police had laid charges in just five out of 50 cases referred to them.

Initial police inquiries at the scene “found no evidence of the victim’s clothes being ripped or shredded and no visible cuts or abrasions to the body indicating the presence of an attack”, a statement to the media said.

“Two police units also scoured the area looking for a cave but found nothing resembling where she claimed she had been dragged inside.”

The woman alleged she was bashed with an unknown object to the right side of her head.

The statement said the victim was taken to hospital and received a thorough medical examination, where the presiding physician found “no laceration or obvious bruising” on her body.

“There [were] no lacerations or bruising around the vaginal region and a spermatozoa test on the victim after a vaginal swab proved negative,” the statement said.

Police said the victim was unable to identify the men, claiming only that they were wearing gloves, covered their faces with t-shirts, were of muscular build and spoke in Nauruan.

The investigating officer recommended to the Department of Public Prosecutions the case be closed due to insufficient evidence. The prosecutor made a similar recommendation.

“The Nauru Police Force will reopen the investigation if new evidence becomes known and has appealed to anyone with any knowledge of this alleged incident to come forward,” the statement said.

The federal government says it is acting to improve the safety of refugees on Nauru, including deploying n Federal Police to mentor local police and establishing a gender violence unit in the local police force.

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Freedom Commissioner Tim Wilson backs visit of anti-Islamic politician Geert Wilders

Geert Wilders. Tim Wilson, Freedom Commissioner at the Human Rights Commission. Photo: Louie Douvis

The federal government’s “Freedom Commissioner”, Tim Wilson has backed the decision to grant Dutch anti-Islam MP Geert Wilders a visa to visit .

But Treasurer Scott Morrison says the controversial MP – like anyone who visits – should not “import the debates from overseas” and should treat all ns with respect.

And Muslim community advocate Rebecca Kay said sections of the Muslim community viewed Mr Wilders as a “hate preacher” and the decision to grant him a visa will damage the governments’ de-radicalisation efforts.

Mr Wilders is due to launch on October 20 in Perth the n Liberty Alliance, a new political party campaigning against the “Islamisation” of n and which wants a visa ban on citizens from the 56 member states of the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation.

The decision to allow Mr Wilders into the country prompted Lebanese Muslim Association president Samier Dandan to ask Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull to consider reversing the decision because the Dutch MP was “someone we know who will stir the pot, increase anti-Islamic sentiment and feed into those who seek to divide us”.

But Mr Wilson told Fairfax Media that although he disagreed with Mr Wilders’ views on Islam, he should be allowed into the country on freedom of speech grounds.

“No one should be denied a visa for for expressing opinions it’s legal to express. The fact of the matter is that immigration is an entirely legitimate policy issue to debate,” he said.

“I don’t agree with him, his views or his values, but you never need to defend free speech for the excessive use of please and thank you – it’s only when people cross the line of social acceptability.

“If he breaks the law while in n than the full force of the law should be thrown at him – but that doesn’t comer from just being present here.”

Mr Morrison told Fairfax radio station 2GB he believed Mr Wilders, as an MP himself, would be quite conscious of the need not to come to another country and “stir up trouble”.

“I think a lot of things are said about what he says, he will come here and speak for himself. And I think it is really important, whoever comes to our country, that they don’t import the debates from overseas. We have our own discussion going on here, the comparison to things that are occurring in the UK and Europe, it doesn’t strictly translate to our n situation,” he said.

“I think it is really important that when people come they treat ns, all ns, with respect and really pay tribute to the strong cohesive society that we have and do nothing to disrupt that.”

Ms Kay said the decision to grant the visa would make it harder to want to engage in political debate “when I feel like this is another attack on our community”.

“We’re just asking for clear lines. If an anti-abortion campaigner’s visa is denied because of the fear of repercussions on women then why is it okay to allow a man who demonises a whole community?”

Mr Dandan, in turn, had questioned why singer Chris Brown had been denied a visa but Mr Wilders’ had been granted.

Mr Wilson, however, said there was a clear distinction as Mr Brown had been denied a visa for his criminal past whereas “Wilders has been engaged in robust public debate”.

Ms Kay said the sentiment in the community was “disappointment” and many Muslim women were fearing a rise in abuse and Islamophobic rhetoric when Mr Wilders arrives.

“We see him as a hate preacher,” she said. “And by granting him a visa, it sends a message that in some way the government agrees with what he preaches. It feels like the government believes he has some merit in what he’s saying.”

She said denying Mr Wilders a visa would be a huge symbolic step in repairing much of the damage former PM Tony Abbott had done to relations with the Muslim community.

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When World Heritage status is a curse

Yosemite, USA. Photo: Babak Tafreshi Tongariro, New Zealand. Photo: Matteo Colombo

Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Istanbul. Photo: Murat Nasir / EyeEm

Haghia Sophia, Istanbul. Photo: Tetra Images

For more than half a century, Khaled al-Assad, 82-year-old scholar and archaeologist, worked as custodian of antiquities at the ancient Syrian wonder that is Palmyra – the 2000-year-old, Roman-era city that earned UNESCO World Heritage listing in 2009.

But, shockingly, in August Assad’s mutilated and headless body was hung on a column in the main square of his beloved archaeological site. The terrorists of Islamic State who murdered him had interrogated him for more than a month, trying to discover where Palmyra’s treasures had been transferred for safe-keeping.

Since Assad’s assassination, Islamic State has taken bizarre delight in slowly destroying this historic and miraculously preserved cultural site, including, most recently, blowing up the site’s Arch of Triumph, described as a jewel among the Palmyra ruins.

Islamic State appears determined to gain maximum publicity for its wanton destruction, with a series of controlled explosions, each one filmed to show how little it cares for human achievements which don’t match its own narrow definition of culture.

These events have prompted some experts to ask whether Palmyra would have suffered this fate if it wasn’t World Heritage-listed? Did its United Nations credentials guarantee its demolition?  In short, is a World Heritage listing a blessing or a curse?

It is a debate which has gone on since long before the emergence of Islamic State. Just ask the citizens of Edinburgh. Or Bath. Or Dresden. Or Oman. Or York. Or Liverpool. Three of those six tourist destinations are UNESCO-listed. The other three either used to be, or regretted it, or weren’t interested in being nominated.

Earlier this year, UNESCO, which celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2012, gave a reprieve to when it announced that the Great Barrier Reef would not be listed as endangered, but warned that more must be done to protect the national wonder. The government considered the issue important enough to spend  $400,000 lobbying against a potentially devastating “endangered” listing, proving perhaps that World Heritage-listing, or at least its removal, really does matter.

There are now 1031 UNESCO World Heritage sites around the globe,  most of them (802) “Cultural”, which usually means buildings or archaeological sites. Another 197 are “Natural”, such as national parks and wilderness – including most of of ‘s 19 sites.

In the more than four decades of UNESCO’s existence, just two World Heritage sites have ever been “delisted”. Oman’s only entry, the Arabian Oryx Sanctuary, was unceremoniously dumped in 2007 after the oryx was hunted to extinction.

The residents of Dresden’s Elbe Valley, on the other hand, not only rebuilt their city after one of the most notorious bombing campaigns of World War II, but also decided a new bridge linking the communities either side of the river was more important to them than retaining World Heritage status.

So, have visitor numbers to Dresden dropped since it delisted itself in 2009? Not significantly.

Elsewhere, Edinburgh’s World Heritage status has caused considerable controversy. Some residents of the Scottish capital argue the listing is a planning  straitjacket, restricting the city’s ability to reinvent itself  – architecturally and dynamically. Would Edinburgh’s neoclassical New Town ever have been built if an equivalent of the UNESCO list existed in the 18th century?

Both Bath and Durham also feature on the United Kingdom’s UNESCO list – but not Oxford or York, two cities which have similar cultural appeal, and with no shortage of visitors. Has the World Heritage status benefited  Bath and Durham at the expense of Oxford and York? Not according to the statistics. Visitor numbers have risen almost identically for all four cities.

World Heritage supporters say that Britain (like France, Italy and Spain) is a special case because the country was already world-famous for its heritage attractions long before 1972 when UNESCO resolved to begin protecting sites of cultural and natural heritage.

Indeed, with “only” 24 World Heritage sites, Britain is arguably under-represented  compared to Italy (51 sites), China (48), Spain (44), France (41), Germany (40), Mexico (33) and India (32). And when you look at the British list, there are some strange inclusions and omissions.

Sure, Stonehenge, Giant’s Causeway, Blenheim Palace, the Tower of London and Maritime Greenwich are all there. But who would have guessed Pontcysyllte​ aqueduct and canal would be on the British list? Or Bermuda’s historic town of St Georges?

Traveller, in light of the events surrounding Syria’s Palmyra, and for that matter ‘s Great Barrier Reef reprieve, asked four heritage and tourism experts for their opinions on the  virtues, or otherwise, of a World Heritage listing.

Is it always a positive? Does it encourage us to visit places that we would never normally consider or even value? And does it lead to richer, more fulfilled travel experiences? EXPERT A: THE ACADEMIC 


In 2004, biologist Buckley published the only academic study into how World Heritage status influences visitor numbers in national parks. The vast majority of ‘s World Heritage sites are a mixture of landscapes and sites of Indigenous significance (often both:  Uluru, Kakadu, the Bungle-Bungles).

Relatively few “modern” buildings are ever included on the UNESCO list, he explains. Yet has two of them. The Sydney Opera House was added in 2007, followed three years later by Melbourne’s Royal Exhibition Building. Other buildings in are part of a World Heritage listing – usually because they are crucial to our convict history (for example, Tasmania’s Port Arthur and Cascades Female Factory, Fremantle Prison, and Sydney’s Cockatoo Island and Hyde Park Barracks).

In general, Buckley says, UNESCO listing is beneficial. What’s notable is that (in ) visitor numbers jumped even before a site was actually signed off as World Heritage.

“We think it relates to the publicity, which is what you’d expect,” he says. “Once people knew Kakadu, Fraser Island or the Great Barrier Reef were going to be listed, they got a lot of coverage in the international media, and that drove international visitors.” EXPERT B: THE WORLD HERITAGE CONSULTANT 


Now semi-retired, Hitchcock spent most of his working life establishing new parks and reserves in before founding his own consultancy on World Heritage issues.

He argues there will always be debate about whether the benefits of World Heritage status outweigh the negative aspects. While the listing of the Rainforest of Sumatra has preserved a biodiversity which includes tigers, elephants, tapirs and orangutans, it has restricted, for example, the construction of roads which would benefit the local population.

As for the  recent destruction of World Heritage sites in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan, Hitchcock believes it has little to do with UNESCO listing but is a reflection of the rise of Wahhabism​ – the extremist Sunni belief that any works of man that predate the Prophet Mohammad must be destroyed.

Hitchcock points out that the Taliban destroyed the famous Buddhist statues in the Bamiyan Valley of Afghanistan in March 2001 – before they were included on the UNESCO list: “Ironically, the site was listed after most of the damage had already been done.”

Having visited Palmyra, Hitchcock says, “it probably attracted ISIS attention because it contained so much carved stone and artwork that doesn’t conform to Wahhabist principles. Because of the world condemnation, I think ISIS will continue to destroy as much of the site as possible – as much out of spite as religious zealotry.

“But attacks on Palmyra aren’t new. The first recorded ‘terrorism’ attack on Palmyra was by the Byzantine Christians, who set about removing and destroying the marble statues around the sixth century.”

On the whole, though, Hitchcock believes World Heritage listing “is undoubtedly a positive thing. It creates a large international community of interest. So if any World Heritage site becomes threatened, you can guarantee there will be lots of work behind the scenes to get the offender to back off.”

He saw this for himself at the 2014 World Heritage Committee meeting in Dohar “when ‘s former prime minister Tony Abbott sought to revoke the World Heritage listing of the Tasmanian Wilderness”.

“That was unceremoniously thrown out, but was such an embarrassment for . Revoking World Heritage listing to allow logging had never been attempted before.” EXPERT C: THE TOUR OPERATOR 


“We visit over 100 World Heritage sites with our Insight programs in Europe, Britain, the Eastern Mediterranean, Morocco, Egypt and most recently, Peru,” says  Timmer, the Dutch-born head of one of ‘s leading upmarket travel companies.

“A site with World Heritage status definitely increases the appeal of a destination to many travellers, particularly those who want an insight into a destination’s history and emblems of cultural significance. We really find that World Heritage sites sell themselves.”

If Insight customers know a destination includes a UNESCO site, they expect it to be part of the itinerary, Timmer says. “Those with a particular penchant for history may be more inclined to base their holiday around these sites. But they tend to be of interest to a broad range of people. So we include them wherever possible on our Luxury Gold and Premium journeys.”

Insight has also developed a policy of trying to build a special experience around a World Heritage visit. For example, Timmer points out, the current “Ultimate Italy Luxury Gold Tour” visits the UNESCO-listed historic centre of Florence and includes exclusive access to the secretive Vasari Corridor above the famous Ponte Vecchio​ bridge.

In a former career, Timmer worked for the United Nations (on agricultural projects) but has no doubts World Heritage status is positive for tourism – if only because authorities take more care preserving the sites for future generations.

Since Bordeaux gained World Heritage status in 2007, he points out, “there has been a steady increase in visitors who now know it has more protected buildings than any other French city, other than Paris”.

Yes, this can sometimes lead to tourist saturation. “In Peru, for example, the government has placed a limit to the number of visitors that can visit Machu Picchu, with only 2500 tickets issued per day.”

As part of the wider Travel Corporation group’s Treadright Foundation, Insight is also co-operating with UNESCO and Venice In Peril to damp-proof and preserve the Monument to Canova​ in Venice’s Basilica di Santa Maria church.

“We recognise it is our responsibility to help protect the places we visit,” Timmer says. EXPERT D:  THE ADVENTURE TOUR SPECIALIST


A World Heritage listing certainly gives a destination more attention and can help with both conservation and domestic visitor numbers, says Thornton. But if a country is perceived as politically unstable, a UNESCO listing won’t make much difference to international visitor numbers.

“Intrepid Travel visits at least 200 World Heritage sites in more than 100 countries, and on seven continents,” Thornton says.

‘”World Heritage listing gives an attraction added profile and credibility, and provides international context. But World Heritage status doesn’t actually sell trips. It’s more important that there are iconic must-sees in a destination.

“Our US trips to the non-UNESCO listed national parks of Zion, Bryce and Monument Valley sell better, for example, than our trips to Mesa Verde and Carlsbad Caverns which are listed but less well-known. Another example is Mt Kenya National Park which is one of Kenya’s World Heritage sites. But the Masai Mara National Park, which doesn’t have listing, will always sell better.” A BOY AND A COIN

Tim Richards recalls a visit to Syria in 1994 and is devastated by the ruin wreaked by Isis.

The small boy shyly held out a coin to us, neatly reversing the tradition of baksheesh, whereby visitors would tip locals for providing services. We had to laugh at the gesture. We’d just come from Cairo, the world capital of baksheesh, a busy, ancient, exciting city where the timely exchange of loose change helped everyone get through their days.

Things were different here on a quiet hilltop in western Syria, in the spring of 1994. We’d clambered up the hill to get a better view of the Crac des Chevaliers, a magnificent medieval castle built by Crusader knights in the 12th century and captured by the Egyptian Sultan Baybars​ in the 13th.

It was a wonderful place to visit in the mid-’90s, a vast edifice of white stone set above green slopes, emblematic of the country’s complex history. Within the castle walls, visitors could admire elements of east and west in its design, including intricate Islamic art curved over doorways. On the ramparts, we walked along paths unnervingly free of guard rails, looking out on the green hills below.

I wonder where that boy is now. He’d be in his mid-20s, a prime age to be caught up in the violence that’s raged across Syria since its civil war began in 2011. Has he taken up arms, been forced to fight, or fled his country with the tens of thousands seeking refuge in Europe?

The castle, a World Heritage site, has reportedly been bombed and shelled. But I wonder more about the people we met back then. The truckload of Syrian army engineers who gave us a lift from the ruins of the Church of St Simeon Stylites, dropping us off at the nearest village so we could catch a minibus back to Aleppo.

The two young men we met for drink in the city of Homs, who wanted to practise their English. The resident who rescued us from utter confusion in the maze-like Old Town of Damascus, guiding us to the nearest gate that would lead us back to the 20th-century city. The cafe owner at Palmyra who didn’t mind us sitting for hours while we waited for an uncertain onward bus to turn up.

Palmyra. I’d been trying to avoid thinking about this beautiful Roman-era city, ever since I heard it had been captured earlier this year by the forces of Islamic State.

Though I knew they were likely to destroy its antiquities once they occupied the site, I hoped it could somehow be avoided. Perhaps they would have to suddenly withdraw, or be low on explosives or, who knows, just look at the beautiful ruins and be moved to spare them.

Wishful thinking on my part. In August, the occupiers demolished the ancient Temple of Baal Shamin  with explosives, days after murdering 82-year-old archaeologist Khaled al-Asaad for refusing to assist them.  His death forced me to pay attention, and to dig out the photos I took of Palmyra’s graceful ruins back when holiday snapshots became tangible prints.

Palmyra was the highlight of that trip. Staying in cheap accommodation in the adjacent town of Tadmor, my wife Narrelle and I were able to visit Palmyra’s extensive ruins both early and late in the day, avoiding the coachloads of day-trippers that regularly arrived from Damascus.

It was a special experience, being out among the ghosts of the past, the desert sun throwing the bone-coloured buildings into sharp relief – the temples, the agora, the remains of the ancient baths.  While I grieve for these ancient treasures, I hope that something might be salvaged once  IS passes from history.

Perhaps some structures have been spared; maybe the Temple of Baal Shamin and its fellows can be rebuilt. And I think about the many Syrians we interacted with on that journey: the guides and hotel owners and bus drivers and restaurateurs and passers-by. And particularly that small boy who gave us a coin on a hilltop above a castle.

I hope they’ve managed to survive the devastation wrought on their country by not only IS,  but by Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad, a man who thinks nothing of launching air strikes against his own people.

Lots of maybes there, and no firm answers. But in memory of Palmyra, and of a lost time in which Syrians and visitors could enjoy the echoes of its greatness, I’ll look again at the photos I took in 1994. They were snapped with a cheap camera of the era, so they’re not masterpieces. But they take me back to a happier time.

Thank god the carefree, sunburnt 29-year-old me, sitting on an ancient stone wall at Palmyra while smiling for the camera, had no way of glimpsing the future. It might have been too much to bear. It almost feels too much to bear right now.

Donations to assist victims of Syria’s civil war can be made via the Save the Children Syrian refugee crisis appeal: savethechildren杭州龙凤论坛.au/syria. 10 MEMORABLE WORLD HERITAGE SITES

Peter Hitchcock, an n World Heritage consultant, chooses his favourite sites from around here and overseas.


A truly wild landscape covering about a fifth of the state with a huge diversity of scenery and biodiversity; definitely a world-class temperate wilderness complete with glacial landscapes, caves, lakes, wild rivers and fabulous forests. The tall eucalypt forests on the eastern side of the site are awe-inspiring and include the tallest flowering plants in the world, with trees up to 100 metres.


Canaima National Park in eastern Venezuela comprises a grand sandstone landscape, including Mount Roraima, Conan Doyle’s “Lost World”; many plateaux and buttes with constantly misty summits and many waterfalls cascading over vertical cliffs, including the highest waterfall in the world, Angel Falls.


This site includes the most spectacular and interesting waterfall in the world, Iguazu Falls, on the international border between Argentina and Brazil. So complex and interesting, the waterfall alone deserves at least a few days to explore it by the many walking tracks and viewing points.


The architecture  of what was originally a church was so brilliant for the 6th century that it became a model for Muslim mosques thereafter. Hagia Sophia was converted from being the world’s oldest and largest church into a  mosque but later into a national museum


Byblos World Heritage site on the north coast of Lebanon is  associated with  the ancient harvesting of the Cedars of Lebanon on Mount Lebanon and despatch of logs by sea to ancient Egypt in biblical times. There’s a well preserved original harbour and associated remains of ancient Phoenician buildings. It’s also a site associated with the Phoenician alphabet, which laid the foundations of various modern scripts.


The  iconic marine karst landscape and waterway never fails to impress the visitor, especially when viewed from one of the tour boats operating through the maze of channels and islands. Should be on the top of the list for anyone visiting Vietnam.


As a memorial to the first atomic bomb blast used in war, this is  a very sad site with a strong message about the horrors of atomic warfare. Notwithstanding, a visit to the site, including the ruins of the “Atomic Dome”, can be  educational and mind-changing. Excellent interpretative museum that can both shock and inspire the need to oppose any use of atomic weapons.


Undoubtedly one of the better known iconic mountain landscapes of the world, especially the glacially carved main valley. While  overwhelming in scale, it is a user-friendly place with good walking tracks to vantage points.


Easily accessible by vehicle, it is a spectacular glaciated mountain landscape capped by a massive tract of solid ice hundreds of metres deep. Any visit to western Canada should have this site at the top of the list. I would return to it again. And again.


The 17th century Old City of Quebec Site is a delightfully distinctive old city quite unlike anything else in north America; not surprisingly it is very French in character. Distinctive architecture high on an elevated landscape overlooking the harbour.

Kevin Rudd hits back at Peter Garrett’s claims that he put China’s safety in jeopardy

Kevin Rudd Peter Garrett in Parliament. Photo: Andrew Meares Peter Garrett made the claims on Channel 7’s Sunday Night. Photo: Sunday Night

Former prime minister Kevin Rudd has hit back at comments by one of his ex-colleagues that he was a “megalomaniac” who put ‘s safety in jeopardy.

The accusations were made by former environment minister Peter Garrett on Channel 7’s Sunday Night program, in what was billed as Mr Garrett’s first substantial interview since leaving politics two years ago.

The interview coincided with the release of his upcoming memoir Big Blue Sky on Wednesday.

In one passage of the book, read by interviewer Melissa Doyle, Mr Garrett claimed the safety of  was potentially threatened while Mr Rudd was leader.

“It’s a big call, but I stand by it,” Mr Garrett said, adding the former Labor prime minister treated people with “an enormous amount of contempt” and made “the business of the country almost ungovernable”.

When pushed on what danger he feared Mr Rudd posed, Mr Garrett said the former PM was “unpredictable” and he didn’t know what he “could or would do”.

“I mean, even with [John] Howard you know where he stood,” he said.

“I’m not a great fan of John Howard’s, and he wouldn’t be a great fan of mine, but that aspect of his prime ministership I sort of understand and respond to.”

On Monday morning, a spokeswoman for Mr Rudd rubbished the claims, denying they had any substance.

“Peter Garrett is trying to sell a book. I have no idea what else he’s doing these days,” the spokeswoman told Fairfax Media.

“If Mr Garrett were serious about these accusations he would have made them five years ago. Not try to rewrite history now.”

In his time as environment minister, Mr Garrett was not a member of the cabinet’s National Security Committee, which formulates strategies to deal with ‘s security and focuses on other classified matters, and would not have been privy to its decisions.

In another passage from the book, Mr Garrett wrote that supporting Mr Rudd was “certainly the biggest” mistake he made in his political career.

“I’ve been particularly strong in this book about leadership and Rudd’s leadership and I think it needed to be said,” Mr Garrett said.

“I’m critical of him, that’s true, very critical, but I think for good reason.”

Mr Garrett stepped down from politics in 2013, when Julia Gillard was ousted as prime minister.

Both Mr Rudd and Mr Garrett last year appeared before the royal commission into the former Labor government’s home insulation scheme in which four installers died. Mr Garrett had originally been in charge of the scheme, but after the deaths Mr Rudd replaced him with Greg Combet, saying the former ACTU secretary had better experience with workplace safety issues.

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Brazilian legend Roberto Carlos wants to coach in the A-League

Brazil legend Roberto Carlos, seen here with Socceroos Brett Emerton and Vince Grella, may be the next high-profile coach in the A-League. Photo: Vince CaligiuriBrazilian football legend Roberto Carlos has expressed his interest in a coaching stint in the A-League.

Carlos, a World Cup winner in 2002, is currently player/coach of Indian Super League side Delhi Dynamos but with the short season ending in December, is already targeting his next assignment.

His representative, former Brazilian national team media director Ricardo Seyton, said Carlos can bring a wealth of experience and passion to the A-League.

“He’s a lover of football, he really has that passion deeply embedded and he can bring some of what has made Brazilian football popular in the world to ‘s doorstep,” he said.

Seyton has followed the A-League, and studied in particular the footballing markets in Adelaide and Melbourne. He has been impressed by the standard and popularity of the A-League, saying Carlos would fit perfectly at the Victory or Adelaide United.

“I have enjoyed the rawness of the competition and the enthusiasm of the people involved, he told Fox Sports. “The A-League is a very stable competition and with growing the game steadily among young children [Carlos] can add his expansive knowledge of the game.”

Setyon said Carlos would also encourage development academies as part of the package to help grow n football, which he said has already “experienced big growth.”

One of the world’s best fullbacks in his prime, Carlos was a staple of the Brazil and Real Madrid sides for over a decade. He made 125 appearances for the Selecao and 370 for Real Madrid.

Known for his penchant to get forward on the left flank, Carlos redefined the idea of an offensive-minded fullback. His free kicks have also become etched into legend, in particular his 1997 cracker from 35 yards against France.

Barnaby Joyce ‘certain’ he will get control of water as China dries out

Drought conditions are expanding as the El Nino impact on grows. Photo: Peter Rae Environment flows are necessary to maintain the health of the rivers, including the Macquarie Marshes in western NSW. Photo: Nick Moir

Agriculture Minister Barnaby Joyce says he remains “absolutely certain” Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull will keep his promises to the Nationals, including transferring responsibility for water to them, amid reports of simmering tensions over the issue.

Mr Joyce told ABC Radio’s Fran Kelly on Monday that the agreements made by Mr Turnbull after he deposed Tony Abbott as leader last month “will be honoured”.

“This is absolutely crucial for how the Coalition works,” he said, adding he was also certain “water returns to Agriculture”.

The comments follow a report by News Corp on Monday that said the Nationals were worried Mr Joyce’s assistant minister Liberal senator Anne Ruston would get responsibility for water.

Environment Minister Greg Hunt’s department, meanwhile, retains control of the Commonwealth Environmental Water Office which manages water purchased by the government for the benefit of the environment, his office confirmed on Monday.

Water is looming as an increasingly contested area as the regions with unusually dry and hot conditions continued to expand, with irrigators keen to maintain allowances while environmental scientists say rivers must maintain their health.

Farmers are starting to feel the bite, with Rabobank on Monday saying the country’s wheat crop was threatened by the hot and dry conditions.

“We forecast production to reach 24 million to 25 million tonnes but if rains don’t arrive later this month, we will have to reduce the estimate further,” the bank said in its latest commodity review.

Dry times 

The Bureau of Meteorology last week released its updated drought and streamflow reports showing that rainfall deficiencies are expanding and the near-term outlook is for declining run-off reaching reservoirs for most of the country.

The reports came as much of southern broke early-season heat records at the start of October and the bureau lifted its forecasts for above-average warmth and below-average rainfall for the October to December period.

Record low rainfall has been recorded in parts of south-eastern South and adjacent parts of Victoria.

Almost half of Victoria is now enduring severe rainfall deficiencies, the bureau said, noting that much of eastern has been relatively dry over the past 36 months.

September was the equal third driest on record with about two-thirds less rainfall than usual. Those dry conditions combined with the three-month outlook mean 98 of 118 stream or river locations are likely to have lower-than-usual flows over the period, the bureau said.

Last month, the Senate passed the government’s plan to cap water buybacks in the Murray Darling Basin to 1500 billion litres, prompting criticism from scientists who warned the move did not take proper account of the long-term threat from climate change.

Separately, the n Conservation Foundation has welcomed an ABC report that Mr Joyce is willing to consider reinstating the Sustainable Rivers Audit. While open to the idea of the survey being reinstituted, no decision has been been made, Mr Joyce’s office said.

The audit, cancelled three years ago by state governments, had found all but two of the 23 river valleys in the Murray-Darling Basin were in a poor, very poor, or extremely poor state.

“Millions of ns depend on a healthy Murray-Darling for their lives and livelihoods, so closely tracking its long-term health is vitally important to a large number of people,” Jonathan La Nauze, ACF’s healthy ecosystems program manager, said.

“Putting the river and irrigation industries on a sustainable footing is a difficult journey, making reliable scientific evidence all the more important,” he said in a statement.

El Nino plus

While this year’s dry spell has been attributed to the widening impact from the El Nino in the Pacific, southern has experienced a longer term drying out, particularly for winter rains.

This shift was first detected in south-western Western but has now extended to the country’s south-eastern regions.

Storm tracks that typically bring winter rains have shifted southwards as circumpolar winds speed up.

Malcolm Turnbull urged to back partial repeal of Racial Discrimination Act as Senate stoush looms

Andrew Bolt has been a vocal proponent for changes to the Racial Discrimination Act. Photo: Justin McManus Family First senator Bob Day has proposed removing the words “insult” and “offend” from section 18C of the Racial Discrimination Act. Photo: Alex Ellinghausen

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull is facing pressure to reinstate the Coalition’s policy to repeal Section 18C of the Racial Discrimination Act after he previously backed a compromise bill up for debate in the Senate this week.

The so-called Day amendment would make it no longer an offence to offend or insult a person on the basis of their race.  It would remain unlawful to humiliate or intimidate a person or group of people based on their race or ethnicity.

Earlier this year and before he seized the prime ministership, Mr Turnbull told conservative News Corp columnist Andrew Bolt that he doubted such a change “would have any negative impact.”

The bill, put forward by Family First senator Bob Day, is listed for debate on Thursday morning.  It is co-sponsored by Liberal senators Dean Smith and Cory Bernardi and Liberal Democratic Party senator David Leyonhjelm.

Senator Bernardi backed Tony Abbott against Mr Turnbull in the September leadership tussle but was a strong critic of the former prime minister for reneging on his promise to repeal Section 18c to appease the Muslim community.

He said on Monday the looming debate was an important test for the new Prime Minister.

“The current Prime Minister has previously said he supports these modest changes on 18c so this Thursday is a wonderful opportunity to demonstrate actions speak louder than words,” Senator Bernardi told Fairfax Media.

“It should be brought to a vote and the Coalition should support this bill.

“This was our policy that was temporarily delayed but given the current Prime Minister’s commitment to these changes I see no reason to delay it any further.”

Up to half a dozen Coalition senators have previously vowed to vote in favour of the Day amendment even if it means crossing the floor. Senator Bernardi called on his colleagues to maintain the courage of their convictions.

“It will remain to be seen whether those who are now on the frontbench but previously committed to freedom of speech in supporting this bill will now have the courage of their convictions to do so,” Senator Bernardi said.

The Queensland Liberal National senator James McGrath is one of those understood to have now retreated from his position to cross the floor in favour of free speech because he is now in the ministry. Crossing the floor would mean giving up his frontbench position.

He took a strong stand on the issue when he entered the Parliament and declared in his July 2014 maiden speech that free speech “should never be restricted by government.”

“People will say hurtful and bigoted and stupid and dumb things. People will make racist and sexist and homophobic comments,” he said at the time.

“Those views are wrong, but the right to express them is not. If you believe in democracy, you cannot cleanse it of the views you disagree with.”

Senator McGrath backed Mr Turnbull in the leadership spill and was rewarded in the subsequent reshuffle by being made Assistant Minister to the Prime Minister.

Senator McGrath’s Queensland Nationals colleague in the Senate, Matt Canavan, confirmed to Fairfax Media on Monday that he would be crossing the floor in favour of the Day amendment, in the unlikely event it would come to a vote.

Shadow attorney-general Mark Dreyfus said Mr Turnbull needed to “pull his right-wing backbenchers into line.”

“Continued Liberal support for this divisive bill defies Malcolm Turnbull’s commitment to adopting more inclusive government rhetoric.”

“Community harmony is more important now than ever, and it is time for Malcolm Turnbull’s actions to match his words. He needs to pull his right-wing backbenchers into line.”

“Malcolm Turnbull should direct his senators to abandon their divisive bill and rule out any further attacks on the Racial Discrimination Act under his leadership of the Liberal Party.”

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ACCC rejects taxi industry’s counter to Uber

Uber is a major threat to the established taxi industry. The taxi companies and Cabcharge had wanted to launch the iHail app as early as July. Photo: Angela Wylie

The competition watchdog plans to block Cabcharge and local taxi companies from teaming up to start a new smartphone taxi booking app as a rival to Uber because it would come at “too big a cost to competition”.

In a major blow to the established industry’s fight against Uber and other ride-sharing services, the n Competition and Competition and Consumer Commission said the iHail app would have a “significant impact on competition in the taxi industry, which could impact prices and quality of service”.

Cabcharge and its partners wanted to launch the iHail app in ‘s major metropolitan and regional centres as early as July. The iHail app was aimed at allowing passengers to book the closest available to them, regardless of which taxi network the driver belonged to.

While the app would make booking taxis easier for passengers, ACCC chairman Rod Sims said the regulator believed it would be at “too big a cost to competition”.

“The ACCC estimates that the initial iHail shareholders represent more than half of all taxis in , and a larger share in the metropolitan areas where the app would operate,” he said.

Apart from Cabcharge, the companies behind iHail include Silver Top Taxi Service, Black and White Cabs, Yellow Cabs and Suburban Taxis. Two American taxi companies and n mobile tracking and data company MTData are also partners.

Releasing the ACCC’s draft decision on Monday, Mr Sims said the iHail app would have a dominant market position right from its launch, not through competition but because of the larger fleet of taxis operated by its owners.

“Depending on the rate of take up of the iHail app amongst other taxi networks, it could potentially grow to include all taxi networks in any area,” he said.

The regulator was also concerned that a demand for passengers to pay for fares booked with iHail through the app would shut out opportunities for Cabcharge’s competitors. Under the plans for iHail, Cabcharge would process all the payments.

In July, the competition watchdog denied an application from the iHail partners to fast-track approval of their joint venture.

Comment was being sought from Cabcharge and the other shareholders in iHail to the ACCC’s latest decision.

Uber said it welcomed the n regulator’s interim decision to “put consumers first and reject the taxi industry’s latest attempt to shut out competition”.

Rugby World Cup 2015: France v Ireland

#RWC2015: France v Ireland | photos, video A French Rugby fan walks through the city on his way to the 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool D match between France and Ireland at Millennium Stadium on October 11, 2015 in Cardiff, United Kingdom. Photo by Laurence Griffiths/Getty Images

Remi Tales of France is tackled by Devin Toner of Ireland during the 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool D match between France and Ireland at Millennium Stadium on October 11, 2015 in Cardiff, United Kingdom. Photo by Stu Forster/Getty Images

Paul O’Connell of Ireland receives medical treatment during the 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool D match between France and Ireland at Millennium Stadium on October 11, 2015 in Cardiff, United Kingdom. Photo by Michael Steele/Getty Images

: Rob Kearney of Ireland scores their first try during the 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool D match between France and Ireland at Millennium Stadium on October 11, 2015 in Cardiff, United Kingdom. Photo by Michael Steele/Getty Images

Remi Tales of France is tackled by Devin Toner of Ireland during the 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool D match between France and Ireland at Millennium Stadium on October 11, 2015 in Cardiff, United Kingdom. Photo by Stu Forster/Getty Images

Thierry Dusautoir of France shakes hands wqith Dave Kearney of Ireland after the 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool D match between France and Ireland at Millennium Stadium on October 11, 2015 in Cardiff, United Kingdom. Photo by Laurence Griffiths/Getty Images

Jamie Heaslip of Ireland celebrates on the final whistle during the 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool D match between France and Ireland at Millennium Stadium on October 11, 2015 in Cardiff, United Kingdom. Photo by Stu Forster/Getty Images

Damien Chouly of France and Pascal Pape of France applaud the fans after the 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool D match between France and Ireland at Millennium Stadium on October 11, 2015 in Cardiff, United Kingdom. Photo by Phil Walter/Getty Images

Ireland captain Paul O’ Connell leads his team out before the 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool D match between France and Ireland at Millennium Stadium on October 11, 2015 in Cardiff, United Kingdom. Photo by Stu Forster/Getty Images

A France fan looks on during the 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool D match between France and Ireland at Millennium Stadium on October 11, 2015 in Cardiff, United Kingdom. Photo by Stu Forster/Getty Images

Ireland fans celebrate a try during the 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool D match between France and Ireland at Millennium Stadium on October 11, 2015 in Cardiff, United Kingdom. Photo by Phil Walter/Getty Images

Ian Madigan of Ireland passes during the 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool D match between France and Ireland at Millennium Stadium on October 11, 2015 in Cardiff, United Kingdom. Photo by Phil Walter/Getty Images

French fans before the 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool D match between France and Ireland at Millennium Stadium on October 11, 2015 in Cardiff, United Kingdom. Photo by Phil Walter/Getty Images

TweetFacebookSean O’Brien could be in trouble for this https://t杭州龙凤论坛/hZzjQ4taBq

— Rugby Banter Page (@RugbyBanterPag3) October 11, 2015

“I certainly hope not,” Schmidt said when asked if he thought O’Brienshouldmiss a game. “He was being held at the time and he swung. I don’t think he’s looking directly at the player. But it’s not for me to determine. I also think that it’s not a closed fist.

“I’d be hopeful but it’s not a decision for me.Hopefully it’s not a decision that impacts on us considering the dressing room at the moment with the amount of injuries we have we can ill afford to lose another player, particularly a player of Sean’s experience and standing in the group.”

Tuesday, October 13

Tough odds: Restoration .FREE TO AIR

Restoration , ABC, 8.30pm

The narrative here is a familiar one that spans observational documentaries from Grand Designs to Country House Rescue. A couple make a seemingly impetuous decision to buy/restore/build based on idealism and romance. Can they win the day in the face of apparently insurmountable odds? This is a particularly satisfying version of that story as the ever smiling and even-tempered Jen and Harold get to grips with a crumbling Georgian manor house in Wollongong.

How Safe Are My Drugs, SBS2, 8.30pm

Canadian DJ Brianna Price (aka B Traits) takes an extraordinary tour of the British ‘‘legal high’’ scene. Her non-judgmental approach and calm advocacy for harm minimisation makes this an unusually powerful documenary that is also, by turns, terrifying – especially for anyone with teenage kids. Price’s credibility gives her an amazing level of access to users, manufacturers and sellers, painting a chaotic picture of out-of-control risk-taking.

Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares, Seven, 9.40pm 

Regular Ramsay watchers will be familiar with the show’s tried and tested recipe. Take one failing restaurant, combine with an owner/owners who can’t see the shortcomings of the business and add one celebrity chef, season liberally with foul-mouthed rage and serve garnished with snarky asides from staff eager to stick the knife into management. This episode follows the classic recipe almost to the letter. The subject is Barefoot Bob’s, a casual beachside eatery in Hull, Massachusetts. The business is owned by husband and wife team Mark and Lisa, who each have a very different concept of what it means to run a restaurant. Mark puts in 14-hour days, seven days a week, while Lisa likes to swan around doing as little as possible glued to her phone in a manner familiar to the parents of teenagers everywhere. The mystery ingredient this week is the addition of  Ramsay the Marriage Counsellor. Things aren’t going too well for Mark and Lisa and it’s up to Chef Ramsay to dispense relationship advice as well as his recipe for a killer clam chowder. Ramsay’s couples therapy essentially amounts to telling Lisa to get off her butt and do something around the place. Somewhere, a producer is working on Ramsay’s Marriage Nightmares. Nick Galvin


Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985) Action Movies (pay TV), 8.30pm 

America’s inability to psychologically cope with defeat in Vietnam led to all manner of disturbing symptoms. One was a belief that victory was denied by political white-anters. Another was that thousands of American POWs were still being illegally held in Vietnam. By freeing them, America might magically turn defeat into a semblance of victory. Sylvester Stallone and James Cameron (Titanic) separately contributed the tissue-thin script about a one-man killing machine who returns to Nam and frees some POWs, despite yet more government white-anters of staggering callousness trying to undermine him. For their hero, they brought back Johnny Rambo (Stallone), who had waged war on anyone showing disrespect to returning vets in the less-seen but far-more-fascinating First Blood (directed by Ted Kotcheff). Having beefed up, let his hair go 1980s wild and tied a red ribbon as a scarf, Rambo goes deep undercover with resistance fighter Ca-Boa (Julia Nickson) and is again paternally overseen by Col. Samuel Trautman (Richard Crenna). A key issue is what  the politicians will do if Rambo succeeds.

Bedlam (1945) ABC, 2.20am (Wednesday) 

The 11 movies Ukrainian-born Val Lewton co-wrote and produced at RKO constitute the best set of B-movies ever made. They tend only to be screened in the early hours of the morning, but they deserve prime-time slots and fanfare. n film buff John Flaus has even declared the second of the films, Jacques Tourneur’s IWalked with a Zombie, the finest ever made. The last project Lewton masterminded at RKO, and in no ways the least, was Mark Robson’s Bedlam, set in London’s St. Mary’s of Bethlehem Asylum in 1761. After the murder of an acquaintance of Lord Mortimer (Billy Hughes), the asylum’s fawning apothecary general, Sims (Boris Karloff), produces his oily best to charm Mortimer with a theatrical evening that mocks the inmates. Mortimer’s spirited protege,  Nell Bowen (Anna Lee), rebels and faces a future of incarceration, torture and death. Bedlam is a classic shocker,  photographed by the greatest of all film noir cameramen, Nicholas Musuraca (who also shot John Farrow’s Where Danger Lives and Tourneur’s Out of the Past). It is a riveting exploration of how people grovel and lie to attain theirends.  B movies are often promoted by fans to a status they rarely deserve. That is not the case with Bedlam or the 10 other RKO gems from Val Lewton. He was a colossus.Scott Murray